Cook Islands History Part 1
Cook Island History Part 1 - Pre European
Cook Islanders are true Polynesians, some of the finest seafarers of the Pacific, voyagers on twin-hulled sailing canoes called Vakas who felt at home on the ocean and who travelled across its huge wastes in search of new lands and new beginnings. The journeys undertaken by these brave people in their Vakas can be compared to the voyages of exploration boasted of by the Portuguese, Spanish, British, Dutch, and French.
Over-population on many of the tiny islands of Polynesia led to these oceanic migrations. Tradition has it that this was the reason for the expedition of Ru, from Tupua'i in French Polynesia, who landed on Aitutaki and Tangiia, also from French Polynesia, who are believed to have arrived on Rarotonga around 800 AD.
Some evidence for this is that the old road of Toi, the Ara Metua which runs around most of Rarotonga, is believed to be at least 1200 years old.
Similarly, the northern islands were probably settled by expeditions from Samoa and Tonga. As was common with most patterns of Polynesian migration, expanding population and pressure on resources resulted in the ocean-going Vakas being stocked with food and set off to look for more living space.
Cook Islanders are convinced that the great Maori migrations to New Zealand began from Rarotonga as early as the fifth century AD. The most favoured location for the starting point was Ngatangiia on the eastern side of Rarotonga where there is a gap in the fringing reef at the widest part of the island's lagoon.
This gap is now known as Avana Harbour, where the ocean enters Muri Lagoon. It is a great place to view whales, surf and fish, and can be snorkelled in the right conditions and with local knowledge.
Edited Source: www.ck/history.hmt
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Carol | 8th September 2023, New Zealand
We felt like our second home in Rarotonga! Host Simon and Hostess Denise are so friendly and sweet. Even their dog Jimmy. We definitely back again. Because of
Sue | 1st September 2023, New Zealand | South Korea | Germany
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Marco | 5th August 2023, New Zealand
Great location and fantastic hosts The location was ideal for accessing different parts of the island. A quiet part of the lagoon was a 5-minute walk down the
Ella-Louise | 12th July 2023, New Zealand
We had an awesome holiday in paradise and Onu fitted our needs perfectly for the 2-week stay where we could witness the local pigeon eating berries right
Mike & Jizzy | 26th May 2023, New Zealand
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Julia & Pablo | 25th May 2023, New Zealand | Argentina
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Mr & Mrs Dandekar | 24th March 2023, United Kingdom
I had a great stay of 9 nights with my boyfriend. The new owners Simon and Denise are super friendly and the place was clean, surrounded by nature and a
Cecilia Elizalde | 3rd March 2023, Argentina & NZ